A bond is basically a loan in which the lender is a common everyday consumer and the borrower is the government, an agency, or a company. The U.S. Treasury, municipalities, and companies issue or sell bonds to obtain certain amounts of money to fund their day-to-day operations or to finance specific projects. Purchase of bonds enables the borrower to invest cash that will eventually be returned, sometimes with added interest.
Because bonds are actually loans, the amount of the bond is the principle, and interest is paid on the principle, usually at a fixed rate. Bond insurance protects the issuer if they are unable to follow through on their end of the “bond bargain.” By paying an insurance premium, the bond issuer gains the security of knowing that the principle and interest of the bond will be paid for if the issuer in unable to do so.
How bonds are classified depends on several factors, including:
Whether or not they are secured or unsecured
Financial reliability of the issuer
Bond insurance, therefore, will correspond to the rating of the bond and is calculated based on the risk of failure to repay the bond. The only bonds that are not usually insured are government bonds, since the risk of failure to repay is minor.
When a bond issuer wants to assure potential investors that a bond is really and truly safe, they often turn to a bond insurer, like The Insurance Center. The Insurance Center can make both you and your potential investors feel comfortable and secure with their bond purchase.